Hashtags are a common feature of social media content and are widely used in search engines.
Any topic that aims to appeal to a broad audience usually comes with an impressive subject tag -- # MeToo, # LoveWins, # BlackLivesMatter, # COVID19, #SupremeCourt, etc.
This form of “hashtag + subject word” firstly appeared on Chris Messina’s Twitter in 2007, an open source advocates whose early ideas would later spawn the so-called blog (tears of The Times). Now, #hashtags have become rampant in the social media environment, and appeared regularly in ads and even campaign slogans, and even in spoken language.
But can a hashtag be considered as a word? Is it a new way of making word?
If a linguist knows only one thing, it would be linguistics. But when it comes to hashtags, it gets complicated.
In a study based on thousands of New Zealand English tweets, local linguists have concluded that subject tags are at the most artificial words.
Firstly, let us look at how we usually recognize words.
The simplest way is to follow the native speaker’s intuition.
When we read the above sentence, we will identify each unit separated by space and punctuation. Those basic units are words.... But, when we read “speaker’s”, do we think that's a word?
A non-linguist might think of it as a word. Grammarians might argue that these are two or worse 1.5 words: S with possessive case, not technically a word, but not a non-word either.
But using a space as a word boundary clue is a luxury that applies only to the written language. What about languages that only have spoken forms, such as New Caledonia's Dinlin?
Voice clues (short pauses in the voice) are no longer reliable. Many grammatical words (such as articles (the, a) and prepositions (to, of, at) are frequently used, but are usually unstressed and voiced.
As the linguists Laurie Bauer and Martin Haspelmath have described, almost all standards for words have problems of their own.
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